Acarbose is an oral medication approved by the FDA since 1995. Prescribed for patients recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or those who have only slightly elevated blood glucose levels, this medication can also be helpful for those with high blood sugar levels following meals. Acarbose may be prescribed in combination with other drugs and is best used in conjunction with exercise and dietary changes.
Brand names: Acarbose is sold under the brand name Precose.
Drug class: Precose is an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor used to slow the rate carbohydrates are absorbed by the intestines. In patients with type 2 diabetes, Precose can help keep blood sugar levels within a target range.
Dosage: Precose is taken by mouth as a tablet, typically three times a day, with the first bite of each main meal. Follow your physician's instructions for dosage.
Side effects: Common side effects experienced with the use of Precose can include stomach pain, diarrhea, bloating and gas. Precose should not be taken if you have a serious disease of the digestive system such as ulcers, cirrhosis of the liver or inflammatory bowel disease.
US National Library of Medicine, "Arcabose"
WebMD, "Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors for Type 2 Diabetes"